This Unit aims to
- Examine the economic and social conditions that gave rise to the revolutions of 1905 and 1917.
- Outline the events in Russia up to 1917.
- Discuss the positions of the various revolutionary groups within Russia.
- Illustrate the spread of anarcho-syndicalist ideas during the period.
- Analyse the development of Marxist-Leninism and the rise, and eventual triumph, of the Bolsheviks.
Terms and abbreviations
Narrodniks: The revolutionary movement in Russia from around 1861.
Russification: The process of suppressing all ethnic and non- Russian national traditions and recognise the supremacy of Russian culture,
The Pale (of Settlement): The area of Jewish settlement in Russia Pogroms: The organised massacre of Jews.